Tag Archives: santoor

Artist Profiles: Saeed Niakowsari

Saeed Niakowsari is a composer and performer of Iranian traditional music. He is the owner and manager of ?Saba private music school?, which is a center for teaching and dissemination of Iranian traditional music in Shiraz, Iran.

As part of his working experience, he has taken part in a number of music competitions and won the reward for best santur (or santoor) performance in 1991, The 8th International Fajr Festival.

In the year 2000, hr performed for German audiences in Berlin and being successful, prolonged his stay for a two-week period to record part of his programs.

Saeed Niakowsari has also participated in several group and individual performances. Two of his individual performances have been published as cassettes, one privately and the other by the company affiliated to the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting Service (IRIB Soroosh), which is the Iranian governmental broadcasting organization. In Addition two other cassettes of the group performances as well as a number of note booklets have been published.




Artist Profiles: Kiu Haghighi

Kiu Haghighi

Kiu Haghighi is a leading Persian classical santoor player. His instrument, the santoor (or santur), dates back to the eleventh century. This ancient instrument is a trapezoid-shaped walnut box with eighty strings which are fitted over and between ten bridges in groups of four and are struck with thin, wooden mallets covered on the tips with leather. In addition to being the prototype of the piano, variations on the santoor, such as the hammered dulcimer and the cymbalom, have been introduced in Hungary, Germany, China, Japan, Greece and India.

Kiu Haghighi began his lifetime study of the santoor at the age of ten. As a teenager, he performed on National Iranian Radio. At nineteen he was invited to join the Iranian Ministry of Education and Art as the featured soloist in the Academy Orchestra and as a regular performer on National Iranian Television.

Since 1965 he has performed concerts in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Israel, Switzerland and Japan.


Music From Iran (Candle Records)
The Santour (1998)
Music for the Soul (2000)
Reflections (2004)
Musical mosaic (2008)
Unity East West (2013)


Artist Profiles: Shiv Kumar Sharma

Shiv Kumar Sharma – Photo by Vince Goodsell

Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma is a household name in India. His influence has transcended the classical audience and contributed to a greater popularity of Indian classical music. He has single-handedly lifted the santoor, a folk instrument previously found only in the Valley of Kashmir, to full acceptance within the classical repertoire. Shiv Kumar Sharma gave his first public performance in Mumbay (Bombay) in 1955, recorded his first solo album in 1960 and has not looked back since.

The santoor, a trapezoid-shaped instrument of the dulcimer family, has 116 strings, which are hammered with a pair of carved wooden sticks. Its original Sanskrit name was shatatantri vina (lute of a hundred strings). Similar instruments are found throughout Europe, the Middle East, and as far east as China. In Kashmir, santoor accompanied the regional music Sufiana Mausiqi, of Sufi origins.

Shiv Kumar Sharma was born in Jammu, in the state of Kashmir, on January 13, 1938. Training as a vocalist from age 5, followed by further training in percussion on tabla, led to other instruments – the sarod, violin, and harmonium – under the tutelage of his father and guru, Pandit Uma Dutt Sharma. Shiv Kumar took up the santoor at the age of 14, encouraged by his father, who had researched the instrument and recognized its potential as a classical instrument. Shiv Kumar started modifying the santoor to make it more suitable for his individual playing technique. By increasing the number of bridges to get a wider range of octaves and a smoother meend (the gliding action between two musical notes), Shiv Kumar successfully altered the structural configuration of the strings to make intonation more precise, elevating the santoor to an instrument of classical sophistication.

In the past three decades, Shiv Kumar Sharma has established a lineage of disciples, including his son, Rahul, who plays jugalbandi (duet) with his father. Together, father and son are helping to widen the popularity and further enhance the accessibility of this melodious instrument.

Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma released his memoirs, Journey with a Hundred Strings: My Life in Music, published in India.


Santoor & Guitar, with Brij Bhushan Kabra (1964)
Shivkumar Sharma (1967) – (re-released 2005 as “First LP Record of Pandit Shivkumar Sharma”)
Call of the Valley, with Brij Bhushan Kabra and Hariprasad Chaurasia (1967)
…When Time Stood Still!, with Zakir Hussain (Live in Bombay) (1982)
Rag Madhuvanti & Rag Misra Tilang, with Zakir Hussain (1987)
Hypnotic Santoor (1988)
Maestro’s Choice, Series One (1991)
A Sublime Trance (1991)
The Glory of Strings (1991)
Raga Purya Kalyan, with Zakir Hussain (1991)
Rag Rageshri, with Zakir Hussain (1993)
Raga Bhopali, vol. I (1993)
Raga Kedari, vol. II (1993)
Varsha – A Homage to the Rain Gods (1993)
Sound Scapes, Music of the Mountains (1994)
Hundred Strings of Santoor (1994)
The Pioneer of Santoor (1994)
Raag Bilaskhani Todi (1994)
A Morning Raga Gurjari Todi (1994)
Feelings (1994)
The Valley Recalls – In Search of Peace, Love & Harmony, with Hariprasad Chaurasia (1996)
The Valley Recalls – Raga Bhoopali, with Hariprasad Chaurasia (1996)
Yugal Bandi, with Hariprasad Chaurasia (1996)
Maestro’s Choice, Series Two (1999)
Sampradaya (Real World, 1999)
Rasdhara, with Hariprasad Chaurasia (Navras, 1999)
Ananda Bliss, with Zakir Hussain (2002)
The Flow of Time, with Zakir Hussain (2002)
Sangeet Sartaj (2002)
Vibrant Music for Reiki (2003)
Sympatico (Charukeshi – Santoor)(2004)
The Inner Path (Kirvani – Santoor) (2004)
Essential Evening Chants, with Hariprasad Chaurasia (2007)
The Last Word in Santoor (Music Today, 2011)
Generations (A Melange of Classical and Contemporary Music Styles), with Rahul Sharma (Times Music)


Artist Profiles: Tarun Bhattacharya

Tarun Bhattacharya

Pandit Tarun Bhattacharya was born December 23, 1957. He is one of India’s finest performers on the santur. As a child he began training on the instrument with his father, Sri Robi Bhattacharya, and also with Sri Dulal Roy. Tarun was under the tutelage of the renowned sitar maestro Ravi Shankar.

Tarun regularly performs in concert and at music festival in Europe, North America, the Far East and, of course, throughout India. He is a regular performer on All India Radio, and has recorded with Indian, European and American record labels.


Song of Nature, Flame of the Forest (1992)
Essence of Jugalbandi (1993)
Sargam (Music of the World, 1995)
Rags Gujari Todi & Bhairavi (India Archives, 1995)
Kirvani (Music of the World, 1996)
Mental Bliss (1998)
Nomad Christmas (Music of the World)
Hypnotic Santoor (2001)
Raga Basant Mukhari / Mishra Todi (India Archives, 2002)
Transcendence (2005)
Natural (Sense World Music, 2007)
Aahir Bhairav & Gurjari Todi (Questz World, 2009)
The Exotic Santoor (Aimrec, 2010)
Shades of the Santoor (Aimrec, 2012)
Inner Vision (Aimrec, 2015)
Afro-Indian Project (ARC Music, 2017)
North India – Sangeet Trio en concert (Ocora)


Artist Profiles: Sandip Chatterjee

Sandip Chatterjee

Encouraged by his father, Asoke Kumar Chatterjee, a distinguished international footballer, Sandip Chatterjee was accepted, at the age of eight, as a pupil by the eminent santoor player Pandit Tarun Bhattacharya in the year 1980. He has taken taleem of Ragdari and Layakari from vocal Maestro Pandit Ajay Chakraborty since 1999.

A regular performer for All India Radio, Sandip has performed at major music conferences and festivals all over India. His earlier CDs include Moment Of Dawn, Mangal Dhwani, Summer Rain , Shanti and Shringar.

He was awarded Best Hindustani Classical Instrumentalist Award in the all India Music and Dance competition in 1986, New Delhi; winner in 1990 of the President of India Award in Hindustani classical music – All India Radio – in New Delhi. Jadubhatta Puraskar by Salt Lake Cultural Association of Kolkata for Guru Shisya Parampara in 1999.

Sandip was also recognized by Pt.V. Balsara as A grade artist of song and drama division of Govt. of India and received a National Scholarship from Govt. of India in 2000-01.


Santoor Recital
Raaga In Rame (Saagar Music)
Valley Again, with Santosh Sant (2012)
Soul Mates with Santosh Sant (HMV)


Artist Profiles: Rahul Sharma

Rahul Sharma

Although not formally introduced to the santoor [also known as santur] until 1985, when he was 12 years old, Rahul Sharma had already demonstrated his talent by playing and composing on the harmonium, and on a cheap keyboard that his dad had brought back from Japan.

In Rahul’s apprentice years as a musician, his father, Shiv Kumar Sharma, had accompanied him on tabla, bringing heightened awareness of taal (rhythm cycle) to his playing. By 1996, Rahul was performing “proper concerts” and has since recorded solo and in jugalbandi (duet) concerts with his father.

In September 2000, Rahul Sharma performed a special concert with tabla player Ustad Shafat Ahmed Khan and pakhawaj player / percussionist Pandit Bhawani Shankar in Turin (Italy) under the title Music Of The Himalayas. It was recorded and released by Real World Records.


The Golden Heritage (Navras, 1997)
Beyond 100 Strings (Ninaad, 1999)
Sweet Romance (Navras, 1999)
Indian Classical Maestros Vol. 4 Santoor (Virgin Records India, 2001)
Moonlight Magic (Navras, 2001)
Two Generations: Santoor Duet Live (Chhanda Dhara. 2001)
The Confluence – Santoor & Piano, with Richard Clayderman (Virgin Records India, 2002)
Mujhse Dosti Karoge! (Saregama, 2002)
Music Of The Himalayas (Real World Records, 2002)
Zen (Navras, 2002)
Dawn Blues (FreeSpirit Entertainment, 2002)
In Hope For Peace (Rhyme Records, 2003)
Native Signs (Sense World Music, 2004)
Akaash (Sense World Music, 2004)
Time Traveler – The New Age Santoor Journey Beyond Time (Saregama, 2006)
H2O (Music Today, 2006)
Charukeshi Live In San Francisco (Saregama, 2010)
White album (Times Music, 2011)
Deep India (Sony Music, 2013)