China is located in Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam.
Chinese musical genres
Taoist music – In China, Taoism, including its music, was originally taught from master to pupil, from generation to generation. According to historical archives, the Taoist temples in Shanghai were built around 1100 AD, during the time of the Song Dynasty (960 – 1127). Taoist monks, however, would have appeared in the region much earlier. Taoist music in the Shanghai area originated at the same time and is known to have adapted the style and tradition of the local folk music of the greater Shanghai area or the so-called “Jiang-Nan” or “South Long River area”.
During the Cultural Revolution many of the Taoist temples and heritages were destroyed. The priests were forced to resign from their priesthood and to abandon their priest names. Very little of the tradition was preserved. After Taoism was recognized as a religion by the People’s Republic of China however, the temple in Shanghai was rebuilt and young priests were allowed to once more embrace the Taoist religion.
Over more than eight hundred years Shanghai Taoist music developed its own distinctive style and character: melodies with continuously rising and falling tunes, instrumental interludes between sentences to allow the singers to breathe, and utilizing many traditional wind, string and percussion instruments to refine the pieces.
12 Girls Band
Jia Peng Fang
The Taoist Music Orchestra of the Shanghai City God Temple
Chinese Music Books
Chinese Music and Musical Instruments by by Xi Qiang, Shanghai Press, 2011. ISBN-10: 1602201056, ISBN-13: 978-1602201057.
Chinese Music (Introductions to Chinese Culture) by Jie Jin, Cambridge University Press, 2011. ISBN-10: 0521186919, ISBN-13: 978-0521186919.