Spain is located in southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France.
Spain has a rich history and varied folk music traditions. The two best known musical genres from Spain are Flamenco and Celtic music, although Spain has many other musical styles and dances throughout its mainland and island regions.
Andalusia is a region in southern Spain. Andalusian musical genres include Flamenco, folk dances such as sevillanas (Seville), verdiales (Malaga), seguidilla and Flamenco-rooted rock known as rock andaluz (Andalusian rock). Medieval Andalusian music in Moorish-occupied Spain is known as Arab Andalusian music.
Asturias is a region in northern Spain. Asturian music is considered part of Spain’s Celtic music scene. Musical genres include: pasacáis or pasacalles, muñeires, muliñeira or molinera, rondes, saltón, alborada, marcha, fandango, jota or xota, and habanera. Musical instruments used include the gaita asturiana (Asturian bagpipe), drums and accordion.
Flamenco was born in Andalusia and is also very popular in Extremadura and Murcia. Spain’s capital, Madrid has now one of the largest and best Flamenco scenes in the country in terms of artists, nightclubs, concerts and festivals.
Celtic music is primarily found in northwestern Spain, in Galicia and Asturias, although Celtic music acts can be found throughout the rest of the country.
Spanish musical genres:
The bolero is a traditional Spanish musical air and dance at 3/4. The bolero parado is a type of bolero from the Balearic Islands (Spain). The name parado (stopped) comes from the abrupt end of the dance. In Cuba, Spanish influences mixed with African elements to create the Cuban bolero, a very slow 4/4 rhythm, accompanied by maracas and bongos. Boleros are popular in Spain and Spanish-speaking America.
Calesera – Andalusian genre with flamenco influences created by the caleseros (stagecoach drivers) to entertain themselves during long treks. It is derived from the seguidilla, without chorus.
Calvario – Spanish Easter songs. Calvario means calvary in Spanish.
Jota – Folk dance and song of Aragon, Spain, that spread to other parts of Spain. Performed usually by one or more couples and consisting of hopping steps in 3/4 time. The jota de la vendiminia is a wine harvest jota dance from Ciudad Real (Castile-La Mancha). Guitar, bandurria and percussion accompany the dancers.
Lullabies: añada (Asturias).
Muñeira – Traditional Galician song and dance, also known as muiñeira. The muñeira is accompanied by gaita (bagpipe), tamboril (drum) or redoblante, pandereta (tambourine), pandero (frame drum), bombo, charrasco and sometimes conchas (sea shells), which are also known as cunchas or vieiras (scallop shells). The muñeira has been adopted by many contemporary Galician folk groups and adapted with new arrangements. Variations include muñeira do Espantallo, muñeira ribeiriña, muñeira carballesa and muñeira redonda.
Other genres: chotis, ensalada, fandango, farruca, jota, muñeira, sardana, sevillanas, verdiales.
Directory of Spanish musicians involved with traditional Spanish folk music, flamenco or world music.
Celtic Music (Galician, Asturian)
Capullo De Jerez
Cepillo (Ángel Sánchez)
Enrique De Melchor
José Antonio Rodríguez
La Barberia del Sur
La Niña de los Peines
Niño de Pura
Paco de Amparo
Paco de Lucia
Pedro Ricardo Miño
Ramón El Portugués
Razón de Son
Tomás de Perrate
Vicente Soto “Sordera”
Spanish Folk Music
World Music/World Fusion