Spanish Music

Spain is located in southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France.

Spain has a rich history and varied folk music traditions. The two best known musical genres from Spain are Flamenco and Celtic music, although Spain has many other musical styles and dances throughout its mainland and island regions.

Andalusia is a region in southern Spain. Andalusian musical genres include Flamenco, folk dances such as sevillanas (Seville), verdiales (Malaga), seguidilla and Flamenco-rooted rock known as rock andaluz (Andalusian rock). Medieval Andalusian music in Moorish-occupied Spain is known as Arab Andalusian music.

Asturias is a region in northern Spain. Asturian music is considered part of Spain’s Celtic music scene. Musical genres include: pasacáis or pasacalles, muñeires, muliñeira or molinera, rondes, saltón, alborada, marcha, fandango, jota or xota, and habanera. Musical instruments used include the gaita asturiana (Asturian bagpipe), drums and accordion.

Flamenco

Flamenco was born in Andalusia and is also very popular in Extremadura and Murcia. Spain’s capital, Madrid has now one of the largest and best Flamenco scenes in the country in terms of artists, nightclubs, concerts and festivals.

Celtic Music

Celtic music is primarily found in northwestern Spain, in Galicia and Asturias, although Celtic music acts can be found throughout the rest of the country.

Spanish musical genres:

The bolero is a traditional Spanish musical air and dance at 3/4. The bolero parado is a type of bolero from the Balearic Islands (Spain). The name parado (stopped) comes from the abrupt end of the dance. In Cuba, Spanish influences mixed with African elements to create the Cuban bolero, a very slow 4/4 rhythm, accompanied by maracas and bongos. Boleros are popular in Spain and Spanish-speaking America.

Calesera – Andalusian genre with flamenco influences created by the caleseros (stagecoach drivers) to entertain themselves during long treks. It is derived from the seguidilla, without chorus.

Calvario – Spanish Easter songs. Calvario means calvary in Spanish.

Jota – Folk dance and song of Aragon, Spain, that spread to other parts of Spain. Performed usually by one or more couples and consisting of hopping steps in 3/4 time. The jota de la vendiminia is a wine harvest jota dance from Ciudad Real (Castile-La Mancha). Guitar, bandurria and percussion accompany the dancers.

Lullabies: añada (Asturias).

Muñeira – Traditional Galician song and dance, also known as muiñeira. The muñeira is accompanied by gaita (bagpipe), tamboril (drum) or redoblante, pandereta (tambourine), pandero (frame drum), bombo, charrasco and sometimes conchas (sea shells), which are also known as cunchas or vieiras (scallop shells). The muñeira has been adopted by many contemporary Galician folk groups and adapted with new arrangements. Variations include muñeira do Espantallo, muñeira ribeiriña, muñeira carballesa and muñeira redonda.

Other genres: chotis, ensalada, fandango, farruca, jota, muñeira, sardana, sevillanas, verdiales.

Spanish Musicians

Directory of Spanish musicians involved with traditional Spanish folk music, flamenco or world music.

Castilian Folk

La Musgaña

Celtic Music (Galician, Asturian)

Cristina Pato (Galician)
Muxicas (Galician)
Susana Seivane (Galician)
Tejedor (Asturian)
Xosé Manuel Budiño (Galician)
Xuacu Amieva (Asturian)

Flamenco

Capullo De Jerez
Cepillo (Ángel Sánchez)
David Carmona
Dorantes
Enrique De Melchor
Gerardo Núñez
José Antonio Rodríguez
José Mercé
La Barberia del Sur
La Niña de los Peines
Manzanita
Marina Heredia
Mario Escudero
Niña Pastori
Niño de Pura
Paco de Amparo
Paco de Lucia
Paco Fernández
Pedro Ricardo Miño
Pepe Habichuela
Ramón El Portugués
Ramón Montoya
Raul Rodriguez
Ray Heredia
Razón de Son
Ricardo Miño
Tomás de Perrate
Tomatito
Vicente Amigo
Vicente Soto “Sordera”

Flamenco Jazz

Chano Domínguez
Sergio Monroy

Gypsy Rumba

Peret
Rosario

Sephardic

Rosa Zaragoza

Spanish Folk Music

Benjamin Escoriza

World Music/World Fusion

Ana Alcaide
Canteca de Macao
elbicho
Ojos de Brujo
Radio Tarifa

Tito Alcedo

Agustin Henke

Antonio Malena
Ariadna Castellanos

La Shica
Manolo Franco

Mártires del Compás

Pere Joan & Manel Martorell
Pitingo

Segundo Falcón

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