Musical Instrument Glossary I

Iakitxá – A meter-long indigenous trumpet played by the Fulnios Indians of Pernambuco. Brazil.

Ibeka – Thumb piano of the Kalai (Bakelle) people. Gabon.

Icheche – Igede shakers made from woven straw and leather that are filled with pebbles. Nigeria.

Ichigenkin – Smallest of the Japanese kotos. It has one string stretched over a slender plank of wood as a soundboard.

Ideh – large seeds attached to a grass band. They are used as an arm or leg rattle). Also known as Idi. Nigeria.

Idiophones – instruments whose bodies themselves vibrate, such as rattles, xylophones, bells, gongs, and other instruments that are struck or rubbed. Idiophones can be tuned or untuned. Variations: anvil, bell, cowbell, cymbal, gong, triangle, wood block, xylophone.

Ieta – A small 7-stringed harp of the Baka forest people from southeast Cameroon.

Ievina – Latvian accordion.

Igba – Short peg-tuned drum with the head made out of antelope skin. It is slung from the shoulder and played with a curved stick. Nigeria.

Igil – two-stringed fiddle from Tuva with a carved wooden horses’ head attached to the top of the neck. Modern versions feature three strings. It is played vertically, while sitting on the ground or on a chair. Russian federation.

Ijachi – An Igede iron spear identified with warrior musical groups. Clappers attached to the spear vibrate as it is plunged repeatedly into the ground. Nigeria.

Ikko – A highly decorated goblet shaped drum. Japan.

Ilapai – Trumpet played by indigenous tribes in the Amazon region. Brazil.

Ilimba – Thumb piano. Tanzania.

Ilu – Tall drum used in Bahian candombles. Brazil.

Ingone – Large sacred drum used in xango ceremonies on Recife. Brazil.

Ingoma – Cylindrical drum covered with a membrane of animal skin. Burundi.

Inkiranya – Large ceremonial drum. Burundi.

Instrument – Any device that produces a musical sound.

Ishaka – Ibo gourd shaker with three different types of natural seed nets. Nigeria.

Ipu – A single Hawaiian gourd drum made in two sizes for dancers of both the ancient and modern hulas.USA.



Ipu heke – A Hawaiian drum made of two gourds of unequal size which are attached at the necks. A hole is left in open on the top of the upper gourd, and the two are joined by breadfruit gum. The musician sits on the ground, hold the ipu in his left hand and with a kapa or twine loop and plays rhythms on it with his right hand.

Itones – a pair of wooden sticks used in Afro-Cuban music.

Itótele – The middle drum in the set of three batá drums. Cuba.

Iworo – Igede leg rattles worn by dancers. They are made from the large seeds of the ochichingbo vine. Nigeria.

Iyá – The largest of the set of three batá drums. It is believed to communicate directly with the orishas during sacred ceremonies. Cuba.

Iyailu – The lead drum of the dundun. Nigeria.

Iyesá – A set of four sacred two-headed drums made of hand-carved cedar from Matanzas. They are played with sticks. Cuba.

Izeze – A spike lute of the Wagogo people. Izezes are configured for varying numbers of strings, ranging from one string to fourteen strings. Tanzania.


Your Connection to traditional and contemporary World Music including folk, roots and various types of global fusion