A historic concert was held on February 7: the farewell performance to the city of Bangalore by sitar maestro Pandit Ravi Shankar and his daughter Anoushka Shankar. The concert ‘Farewell to Bangalore‘ was organised by the Premanjali Education Trust as a fundraiser for their various projects.
Its past concerts have featured vocalists Bhimsen Joshi and Balamuralikrishna in a duet. At a book launch earlier in Bangalore, Ravi Shankar said, “Music runs in the veins of every individual, and it is the thread that binds us all together.”
In the first half of the concert, Anoushka Shankar played a 40-minute set accompanied by Pirashanna Thevarajah (mridangam) and Tanmoy Bose (tabla) on percussion (they also accompanied her during her flamenco fusion tour last month: http://worldmusiccentral.org/2012/01/29/anoushka-shankar-and-traveller-a-raga-flamenco-journey/).
Dressed in a dazzling white dress, Anoushka began by saying it was wonderful to be back in Bangalore, and to be playing along with her father. “I could have had no greater honour than to have opened for my father in this concert,” she said. She opened the performance with the evening raga Puriya Dhanashree. The next piece, based on Raga Bhilaval, featured a beautiful solo by Ravichandra Kulur on flute.
She ended the set with a piece based on Raga Vachaspati, called Variant Moods. Originally composed as a duet with violin featuring Joshua Bell, the piece had solos from all the four musicians. The acoustics were perfect in the packed indoors hall, with a huge backdrop of garlands creating a triangular shape.
After a short interval, Pandit Ravi Shankar himself walked on stage. Almost 92 years old, he had the support of a walking stick and was unable to squat in the traditional cross-legged fashion on the floor, choosing to sit at the edge of a platform instead. He also had a full flowing white beard, very different from his usual clean-shaven look, and joked to the audience: “I hope you can recognise me!”
The entire audience of over 3,000 people stood up to welcome him as he greeted them: “Namaskara, Bengaluru!” He also joked that due to his age he would not be able to run as fast as his daughter and the rest of the musicians, but he would try his best. His depth of knowledge and skill later showed in the jor and jhala phases of classical music as well as melodies of folk compositions.
He began his performance with Raga Yaman Kalyan, which he said was his favorite raga. Starting off soulfully, the piece picked up with a jugalbandi between father and daughter. This was followed by a raga composed by Ravi Shankar himself, Tilak Shyaam. During the announcement he coughed, and apologised: “Sorry to be so unmusical!”
The next piece started off in Raga Khamaaj and then evolved into a medley of other ragas (Kiravani, Bageshri, Hansadhvani, Peelu), kathak and folk songs. Sanjeev Shankar also accompanied on the shehnai, and there was a superb call-and-response session by the tabla and mridangam players who then fused in a perfect crescendo.
A special treat for music fans was hearing the sitarists play with a small towel on the strings, producing a muted effect; the towels were then removed, revealing the full rich sound of the sitar in all its glory.
Ravi Shankar thanked all the musicians, reading out their names from a sheet of paper, explaining that he could not trust his memory! He also introduced the maker of his sitars, Sanjay Sharma.
Though in his nineties, the veteran musician displayed remarkable energy and skill, an inspiration to all in the audience, who thanked him with a standing ovation and roars of approval and gratitude as he waved to them. The musicians on stage all touched his feet, and he departed with Anoushka guiding him by the hand.
The audience sensed one chapter of musical history closing, but another chapter opening with the passing of the baton.
Pandit Ravi Shankar was born April 7, 1920, in Benares. Robindro Shaunkor Chowdhury (later renaming himself Ravi Shankar) began performing at the age of 11 after being initiated into music and dance a year earlier by his eldest brother, Uday Shankar. As a young boy, Ravi Shankar toured Europe with his brother’s dance troupe and at the age of 18 he began to learn how to play the sitar from his guru Allauddin Khan, in the Maihar gharana.
The legendary sitarist and composer became regarded as India’s most esteemed musical ambassador, both for profiling Indian music overseas as well as building bridges with Western classical music and even rock/pop. He has composed three concertos for sitar and orchestra, authored violin-sitar compositions for Yehudi Menuhin and himself, music for flute virtuoso Jean Pierre Rampal and Shakuhachi master Hosan Yamamoto, and has collaborated with Phillip Glass (Passages).
Ravi Shankar is the uncle of fellow Indian musician Ananda Shankar, and the father of singer Norah Jones and sitarist Anoushka Shankar. The legendary American jazz saxophonist John Coltrane named his son Ravi Coltrane after Ravi Shankar.
He was a longtime musical collaborator of tabla players Pandit Chatur Lal and Ustad Allah Rakha, and also played with sarodist Ustad Ali Akbar Khan. He has worked as music director for All India Radio. In 1999, Ravi Shankar was awarded the Bharat Ratna award, India’s highest civilian honour, and has also received three Grammy Awards.
Deeply moved by the plight of millions of refugees who came to India during the Bangladesh freedom struggle from Pakistan in 1971, Ravi Shankar and George Harrison organised the Concert for Bangladesh to collect money for the refugees. This would set the precedent for other fund-raising charity concerts.
Ravi Shankar has also composed music for ballets and films in India, Canada, Europe and the US, including the films “Gandhi,” “Kabuliwala” and the “Apu Trilogy” (Satyajit Ray).
As a tribute, Yehudi Menuhin has said: “Ravi Shankar has brought me a precious gift and through him I have added a new dimension to my experience of music. To me, his genius and his humanity can only be compared to that of Mozart’s.”
“Music is the soul of India. It has always been my life as well,” Ravi Shankar has said.
Author: Madanmohan Rao
Madanmohan Rao is an author and media consultant from Bangalore, and global correspondent for world music and jazz for World Music Central and Jazzuality. He has written over 15 books on media, management and culture, and is research director for YourStory Media. Madan was formerly World Music Editor at Rave magazine and RJ at WorldSpace, and can be followed on Twitter at @MadanRao.