Musical Instrument Glossary H

Hachi – Japanese cymbals used in Buddhist ceremonies.

Hackbräde – Swedish hammered dulcimer.

Haegum – Korean two-string fiddle.

Häjedalspipa – Swedish wooden flute.

Halam – Senegalese plucked lute. Also known as kontingo, xalam, ngoni and koni.

Hammered Dulcimer
– a large zither with many strings in pairs, stretched over long bridges. It is played with small wooden or cane hammers. Played in the British Isles and North America.

Hardanger fiddle – a small Norwegian fiddle with four sympathetic running under the fingerboard. It is narrower, shorter-necked and more arched than the ordinary violin. Also known as hardingfele and hardingfela.

Härjedalspipa – Wooden whistle from northwest Sweden.

Harmonica – a European free reed instrument formed by a block of 10 or more double sided reeds, mouth blown. The harmonica is also called mouth harp or simply harp in the United States.

Harmonium – small, portable, bellow-blown reed organ used in India, Pakistan and Western countries. In Indian and Pakistani music, the player usually sits on the ground, with one hand fingering the keyboard and the other pumping bellows.

Harpe – Norwegian harp.

Hasapi – two-stringed mandolin from Sumatra (Indonesia).

Hayashi-bue – Bamboo transverse flute. Japan.

Highland pipes – Scottish bagpipes that are played standing, usually in pipe bands. The chanter has eight holes. There are two tenor drones, tuned an octave below the chanter and a bass drone a further octave down.

Hejjuj – Arabic word for Gnawan lute. Also known as sintir, sentir and guimbri.

Hira-daiko – flat drum. General term for a drum wider than it is deep.

Hne – Burmese flute.

Horagai – A large shell used as trumpet-type instrument. the horagai is not a conch shell, but either the pacific triton or the Shank shell.

Hosho – shaker. Zimbabwe

Hsiao – Chinese vertical flute made of bamboo.

Hu – Chinese bowed lute.

Huada – Chilean maracas.

Huapanguera – A 9 string Mexican guitar from the La Huasteca region of Mexico. It is used to play the son huapango song and dance. Also known as guitarra quinta huapanguera or guitarra huapanguera

Hu-ch’in – one of most widely used Chinese bowed lutes.

Hulusi – a double-reed with a gourd and two drone bamboo pipes with an interval of a major third. China.

Huluxiao – a gourd flute similar to the Hulusi. China.

Hummel – Dutch/Flemish instrument of the dulcimer family.

Huqin – Chinese fiddle. The huqin was introduced into China around 140 B. C., and has been one of the prevailing Chinese string instruments since that time. The erhu, ching-hu, gao-hu, and ban-hu are well-known members of the huqin family.

Hurdy Gurdy – a string instrument in which a wheel turned by a hand crank vibrates the strings. The pitches are varied by a set of keys. Also known as zanfona, vielle, zanfoña.

Hyang-p’iri – Korean shawm. Cylindrical in form, it has seven finger holes.

Hyooshigi – Wooden blocks used as clappers, struck at the tips.

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