Musical Instrument Glossary I

Iakitxá

A meter-long indigenous trumpet played by the Fulnios Indians of Pernambuco. Brazil.

Ibeka

Thumb piano of the Kalai (Bakelle) people. Gabon.

Icheche

Igede shakers made from woven straw and leather that are filled with pebbles. Nigeria.

Ichigenkin

Smallest of the Japanese kotos. It has one string stretched over a slender plank of wood as a soundboard.

Ideh

large seeds attached to a grass band. They are used as an arm or leg rattle). Also known as Idi. Nigeria.

Idiophones

instruments whose bodies themselves vibrate, such as rattles, xylophones, bells, gongs, and other instruments that are struck or rubbed. Idiophones can be tuned or untuned. Variations:
anvil, bell, cowbell, cymbal, gong, triangle, wood block, xylophone.

Ieta

A small 7-stringed harp of the Baka forest people from southeast Cameroon.

Ievina

Latvian accordion.

Igba

Short peg-tuned drum with the head made out of antelope skin. It is slung from the shoulder and played with a curved stick. Nigeria.

Igil

two-stringed fiddle from Tuva with a carved wooden horses’ head attached to the top of the neck. Modern versions feature three strings. It is played vertically, while sitting on the ground or on a chair. Russian federation.

Ijachi

An Igede iron spear identified with warrior musical groups. Clappers attached to the spear vibrate as it is plunged repeatedly into the ground. Nigeria.

Ikko

A highly decorated goblet shaped drum. Japan.

Ilapai

Trumpet played by indigenous tribes in the Amazon region. Brazil.

Ilimba

Thumb piano. Tanzania.

Ilu

Tall drum used in Bahian candombles. Brazil.

Ingone

Large sacred drum used in xango ceremonies on Recife. Brazil.

Ingoma

Cylindrical drum covered with a membrane of animal skin. Burundi.

Inkiranya

Large ceremonial drum. Burundi.

Instrument

Any device that produces a musical sound.

Ishaka

Ibo gourd shaker with three different types of natural seed nets. Nigeria.

Ipu

A single Hawaiian gourd drum made in two sizes for dancers of both the ancient and modern hulas.USA.

Ipu
Ipu

Ipu heke

A Hawaiian drum made of two gourds of unequal size which are attached at the necks. A hole is left in open on the top of the upper gourd, and the two are joined by breadfruit gum. The musician sits on the ground, hold the ipu in his left hand and with a kapa or twine loop and plays rhythms on it with his right hand.

Itótele

The middle drum in the set of three batá drums. Cuba.

Iworo

Igede leg rattles worn by dancers. They are made from the large seeds of the ochichingbo vine. Nigeria.

Iyá

The largest of the set of three batá drums. It is believed to communicate directly with the orishas during sacred ceremonies. Cuba.

Iyailu

The lead drum of the dundun. Nigeria.

Iyesá

A set of four sacred two-headed drums made of hand-carved cedar from Matanzas. They are played with sticks. Cuba.

Izeze

A spike lute of the Wagogo people. Izezes are configured for varying numbers of strings, ranging from one string to fourteen strings. Tanzania.

Share

Your Connection to traditional and contemporary World Music