Musical Instrument Glossary E

Edakka

An hourglass shaped drum beaten with one stick from Kerala. India.

Egbong

A wooden drum with a baritone voice used by the Igede people of Nigeria. It forms a set of three with Okpirih and Ubah.

Ekende

Congolese thumb piano with 9 iron tongues.

Ekpiri

A rattle formed by a set of shiny seeds strung on a wooden or string handle, or on a grass belt. These rattles can be played softly, or are capable of producing a voluminous sound for their size. Nigeria.

Ektar

A one-stringed Indian folk instrument. It consists of a gourd that has been pierced by a stick of bamboo. Another piece of bamboo forms the tuning peg. The bridge is usually formed by a coin, a piece of coconut, plastic or some other material. The ektar is described in ancient Sanskrit texts as the ekatantri vina, literally the one stringed lute.

Ekueñón

Ritual Afro-Cuban drum also known as the executioner. It leads the sacrifices that take place during the rituals.

Ekwe

Two tone Ibo log drum. Played with either a plain wooden stick, or a rubber-tipped beater. Nigeria.

Electrophones

Instruments that depend on electric power for producing sounds and for amplification.

Embairé

Large log xylophone. Uganda.

Embeaxió

Bamboo flute. Brazil.

Embilta

Simple one-note flute used in ceremonial rituals. Ethiopia.

Empegó

Ritual Afro-Cuban drum also known as tambor de orden (order drum). It’s the first drum to be heard during the ritual..

Enanga

A six or seven string zither that first entered East Africa with nomadic cattle keepers who migrated from what is now Southern Ethiopia.

Endere

Five fingerhole flute made our of bamboo, reed or lobelia stalk. Uganda.

Endingidi

One-string bowed instrument. The resonator is resonator made of wood or cow horn. Uganda.

Engalabi

Long lead drum. Uganda.

Engoma

Large African drums from the African Great Lakes region. They are made of wood, covered with cow skin.

Enkelharpa

A keyed fiddle, ancestor to the nyckelharpa, still played today. Sweden.

Enkríkamo

Ritual Afro-Cuban drum. It’s the drum that is used to assemble and communicate with the various íremes (ancestral spirits).

Enkwanzi

A pair of panpipes. Uganda.

Ennanga

Eight-string harp. Uganda.

Entenga

A set of 15 tuned drums used in Ugandan court music.

Epinette des Vosges

A French instrument of the dulcimer family. It is oblong, often with 7 strings, 3 of which are fretted.

Erhu

A 2 string bowed lute. It has a small body and a long neck, with a range of three octaves. Since there is no fingerboard, finger pressure is a critical part of the erhu technique. China.

Erhu
Erhu

Esraj

North Indian bowed instrument with 20 metal frets and 12 to 15 sympathetic strings.

Esterilla

Esterilla means mat in Spanish. It’s a percussion instrument that resembles a small placemat. The esterilla is formed by small round pieces of wood that are woven together. When bent or rubbed, it makes a percussive sound. Colombia.

Esukuti

Drum and dance of the Isukha and Idakho communities of Western Kenya. Read more: Isukuti dance of Western Kenya Inscribed for Urgent Safeguarding.

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