Deborah Kapchan has spent years studying the music of the Gnawa and its relationship with the recording industry. Her book Traveling Spirit Master is an wide-ranging excursion into one of the most fascinating trance music genres in the globe. As the subtitle, Moroccan Gnawa Trance and Music in the Global Market Place, implies, Kapchan goes beyond the study of Gnawa music. The book provides details about how Gnawa music has traveled beyond Morocco’s borders, into Europe and North America and its economic implications.
France has received millions of Moroccans and, thus, Gnawa music traveled with them. There are numerous French acts that perform some sort of Gnawa influenced music. Gnawa music also jumped the Atlantic with American jazz musicians and the renowned Hassan Hakmoun, who currently resides in the United States.
Even though Kapchan focuses primarily on France, Gnawa musicians have fared well in Germany, Spain and other countries. Recently, San Francisco Bay Area world music jam band Hamsa Lila released a double licve CD that has an extensive use of the Gnawa sintir and metal castanets.
Deborah Kapchan is an associate professor of performance studies at New York University. She is the author of Gender on the Market: Moroccan Women and the Revoicing of Tradition (1996).